What are ingrown toenails?
Ingrown toenails is a painful health condition where the nail extends into the nail bed. It usually occurs on the big toe and occurs when the corner or edge of the toenail curls and becomes embedded in the surrounding skin. Ingrown toenails can be painful and result in an infection if not treated in a timely manner. When ingrown nails result in the development of inflammation, the pain becomes more severe and other symptoms such as temperature increase, swelling, discharge are added.
How does nail ingrown go?
Some measures can be taken to make nail ingrown pass faster. The following practices that can be done for this purpose can help achieve effective results:
Putting gauze under the toenail can help heal an ingrown toenail. After the feet are kept in warm water for about 20 minutes 3-4 times a day, a piece of clean gauze is placed under the edge of the ingrown nail. This application helps the nail to grow above the skin edge.
Feet should be kept dry for the rest of the day.
Nails should not be cut until the stinging has passed; they should be expected to grow.
Antibiotic creams help the infection to pass, if any. After the cream is applied, it should be covered with a bandage.
Comfortable shoes should be worn. If the complaints of ingrown nails continue, open-toed shoes or sandals should be preferred.
Pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, naproxen sodium can help relieve foot pain.
What are the treatment options for ingrown toenails?
If the ingrown nail does not go away despite the methods applied at home, if the finger is extremely swollen and painful, if severe sensitivity, temperature increase develops and pus is flowing in the area, if the person has diabetes, the best course of action is to see a doctor. If the doctor observes signs of infection due to ingrown toenails, oral antibiotic therapy is started. In addition, depending on the situation, it may be necessary to cut a part of the nail or pull it out completely.
How is nail ingrown surgery performed?
In case of severe ingrowth, part or all the nail is removed with an ingrown toenail surgery. Your doctor may recommend ingrown toenail surgery if:
If it is not successful with home treatments
If there is a history of recurrent ingrown nails
In the presence of another disease, such as diabetes, that makes complications more likely
Depending on the situation, some or all of the toenails may need to be removed. To prepare the patient for surgery, the feet are cleaned with antiseptic solutions and the nail bed is anesthetized by injecting an anesthetic agent. The numbing process can be quite uncomfortable. Just before the procedure, a tourniquet is placed on the root of the finger to control bleeding. After preparation, the doctor uses scissors and special tools to separate the nail from its bed. First, a vertical cut is made from the part of the nail ingrown to the nail root. Then the cut part of the nail is pulled out. Sometimes it may need to be removed entirely. Finally, a heated electrical device called cautery is used to destroy the nail root in the part that causes ingrowth, and an acidic solution such as phenol or trichloroacetic acid is used on the side. The nail part where the application is made usually does not grow. If it grows, the new nail tissue will have a different structure. When the procedure is completed, a bandage is applied to the finger.